The traditional wisdom has been that the brain gray matter and intelligence are static. It had been assumed that learning could be accurately measured by an IQ test. This test is still used in K12 education in 2008.
The current wisdom about intelligence assumes more than one learning capacity. The multiple intelligences paradigm assumes at least eight intelligences not measured by one paper and pencil test.
It is now found that brains can change and reroute functions. They are not static but dynamic in nature. Computers allow us the privilege of differentiating instruction for individual learners using their intelligences. Chapter 1 of Teaching Every Student puts it this way:
Because of their inherent flexibility, digital technologies can adjust to learner differences, enabling teachers to (1) differentiate problems a student may have using particular kinds of learning media from more general learning problems and (2) draw upon a student's other strengths and interests that may be blocked by the exclusive use of printed text.
Furthermore, I am reading about recent brain research where people's brains can be retrained to find alternate routes around damaged areas. For education, that means.... (you fill in the blank)
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Reference: Rose, D. H. & , Meyer, A. (2002). Teaching Every Student in the Digital Age: Universal Design for Learning. ACSD.
Photo by Jane M Sawyer, added to Morguefile 09 24 2005, available at http://morguefile.com/archive/?display=85760